Ceftaroline versus vancomycin for treatment of acute pulmonary exacerbations of cystic fibrosis in adults

Marc D. Esquivel, Marguerite L. Monogue, Greg S. Smith, James D. Finklea, James M. Sanders

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objectives: Vancomycin remains a first-line treatment for methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA)-mediated acute pulmonary exacerbations (APEs) in adult cystic fibrosis (CF) patients; however, optimal alternatives remain poorly defined. The aim of this study was to determine the safety and efficacy of ceftaroline for MRSA-mediated APEs of CF in adults. Methods: We conducted a retrospective, observational cohort study comparing ceftaroline with vancomycin for the treatment of MRSA-mediated APEs in adult CF patients. The primary endpoint was the return to at least 90% of baseline lung function measured by discharge FEV1% predicted in comparison with baseline FEV1% predicted. Results: A total of 55 patients were included in the analysis (22 receiving ceftaroline and 33 receiving vancomycin). Of the patients included in the analysis, 13 patients (59%) in the ceftaroline group and 24 patients (73%) in the vancomycin group met the primary outcome (P = 0.38). FEV1 measurements at baseline, admission and discharge were not different between treatments. Secondary outcomes including 30-day re-admission rate, 30-day mortality, treatment duration and adverse events (neutropenia, Clostridioides difficile infection and acute kidney injury) were similar between groups. Conclusion: Our small cohort study supports ceftaroline as an alternative treatment option for MRSA-mediated APE of CF in adults.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)67-70
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Global Antimicrobial Resistance
StatePublished - Mar 2022


  • Acute pulmonary exacerbation
  • Ceftaroline
  • Cystic fibrosis
  • Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus
  • MRSA

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Microbiology (medical)


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