cDNA cloning and immunolocalization of a Na+-H+ exchanger in LLC-PK1 renal epithelial cells

Robert F. Reilly, Friedhelm Hildebrandt, Daniel Biemesderfer, Claude Sardet, Jacques Pouysségur, Peter S. Aronson, Carolyn W. Slayman, Peter Igarashi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

71 Scopus citations


LLC-PK1 cells, an established line from pig kidney, express basolateral and apical Na+-H+ exchangers that can be distinguished by their different sensitivities to the amiloride analogue, N-ethyl-N-isopropylamiloride. In the present study, the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and library screening were used to clone a cDNA for one of the exchangers, based on homology with the recently isolated cDNA for a human growth factor-activatable Na+-H+ exchanger (26). There proved to be significant homology between the LLC-PK1 and human sequences, with nucleotide identities of 75, 93, and 85% in the 5'-untranslated, coding, and 3'-untranslated regions, respectively. The LLC-PK1 cDNA encodes a predicted protein of 818 amino acids with a relative molecular mass of 90,999, consisting of an amino-terminal hydrophobic region and a carboxy-terminal hydrophilic region; its deduced amino acid sequence shows 95% identity with that of the human protein. To investigate the localization of the encoded protein, antisera were generated against a synthetic oligopeptide from the hydrophobic region and a fusion protein from the carboxy-terminal hydrophilic domain. Indirect immunofluorescence and confocal microscopy revealed that the antisera labeled the basolateral but not the apical membrane of confluent LLC-PK1 cells. Labeling by the antipeptide antibody was specifically blocked by preincubation with the synthetic peptide and coincided exactly with the pattern produced by a monoclonal antibody against Na+-K+-ATPase. Thus, the LLC-PK1 cDNA encodes the basolateral Na+-H+ exchanger, which must differ structurally from the apical form, at least in the region of the oligopeptide and the fusion protein.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)F1088-F1094
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology
Issue number6 30-6
StatePublished - 1991


  • Amiloride
  • Intracellular pH
  • Sodium

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology


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