Cardiac auscultation: Using physiologic maneuvers to further identify heart murmurs

David J. Klocko, Christopher Hanifin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


Auscultation of heart sounds and murmurs often is taught in a simulated environment with optimal listening conditions. Clinicians' auscultation skills can wither if they do not have contact with patients with valvular heart disease during clinical practice, or if they rely on handheld ultrasound devices or echocardiography. This article reviews heart murmurs and how to use physiologic maneuvers during the cardiac examination to assist in identifying murmurs.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21-25
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of the American Academy of Physician Assistants
Issue number12
StatePublished - Dec 1 2019


  • cardiac auscultation
  • dynamic auscultation
  • holosystolic
  • midsystolic
  • murmurs
  • physiologic maneuvers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nurse Assisting


Dive into the research topics of 'Cardiac auscultation: Using physiologic maneuvers to further identify heart murmurs'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this