Brain on fire: an imaging-based review of autoimmune encephalitis

Christopher Ball, Ryan Fisicaro, Lee Morris, Andrew White, Thomas Pacicco, Karuna Raj, Amit Kumar Agarwal, Wan Ching Lee, Fang Frank Yu

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Autoimmune encephalitis represents an increasingly recognized group of immune-mediated disorders the affect the central nervous system. The purpose of this article is to highlight the characteristic MR imaging findings associated with autoimmune encephalitis, describe the pathophysiology, review antibodies that have been identified and their patterns of CNS involvement, and discuss approaches to management. Familiarity with the imaging and clinical features of autoimmune encephalitis will prompt the radiologist to suggest the diagnosis which can facilitate appropriate management.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-30
Number of pages30
JournalClinical Imaging
StatePublished - Apr 2022


  • Autoimmune encephalitis
  • Central nervous system
  • Limbic encephalitis
  • MRI

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging


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