Behavioral and regulatory abnormalities in mice deficient in the NPAS1 and NPAS3 transcription factors

Claudia Erbel-Sieler, Carol Dudley, Yudong Zhou, Xinle Wu, Sandi Jo Estill, Tina Han, Ramon Diaz-Arrastia, Eric W. Brunskill, S. Steven Potter, Steven L. McKnight

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136 Scopus citations


Laboratory mice bearing inactivating mutations in the genes encoding the NPAS1 and NPAS3 transcription factors have been shown to exhibit a spectrum of behavioral and neurochemical abnormalities. Behavioral abnormalities included diminished startle response, as measured by prepulse inhibition, and impaired social recognition. NPAS1/NPAS3-deficient mice also exhibited stereotypic darting behavior at weaning and increased locomotor activity. Immunohistochemical staining assays showed that the NPAS1 and NPAS3 proteins are expressed in inhibitory interneurons and that the viability and anatomical distribution of these neurons are unaffected by the absence of either transcription factor. Adult brain tissues from NPAS3- and NPAS1/NPAS3-deficient mice exhibited a distinct reduction in reelin, a large, secreted protein whose expression has been reported to be attenuated in the postmortem brain tissue of patients with schizophrenia. These observations raise the possibility that a regulatory program controlled in inhibitory interneurons by the NPAS1 and NPAS3 transcription factors may be either substantively or tangentially relevant to psychosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)13648-13653
Number of pages6
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Issue number37
StatePublished - Sep 14 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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