Avoiding exploitive dual relationships: A decision-making model

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

134 Scopus citations


Ethical principles provide general guidelines for professional behavior. Unfortunately, these principles are not adequate for practical decision- making. One ethical principle which generates frequent consternation is that of avoiding dual relationships. Some models have been developed to address this problem, but they are typically general and not especially helpful when specific ethical dilemmas arise. The principle of avoiding dual relationships is briefly reviewed, and problems with the principle are noted. This article presents a specific decision-making model to avoid exploitive dual relationships; the model's uses and limitations are critically examined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)41-48
Number of pages8
Issue number1
StatePublished - 1993

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health


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