Autophagy, Inflammation, and Immunity: A Troika Governing Cancer and Its Treatment

Zhenyu Zhong, Elsa Sanchez-Lopez, Michael Karin

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

488 Scopus citations


Autophagy, a cellular waste disposal process, has well-established tumor-suppressive properties. New studies indicate that, in addition to its cell-autonomous anti-tumorigenic functions, autophagy inhibits cancer development by orchestrating inflammation and immunity. While attenuating tumor-promoting inflammation, autophagy enhances the processing and presentation of tumor antigens and thereby stimulates anti-tumor immunity. Although cancer cells can escape immunosurveillance by tuning down autophagy, certain chemotherapeutic agents with immunogenic properties may enhance anti-tumor immunity by inducing autophagic cell death. Understanding the intricate and complex relationships within this troika and how they are affected by autophagy enhancing drugs should improve the efficacy of cancer immunotherapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)288-298
Number of pages11
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 14 2016
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology


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