Association of gestational diabetes and breastfeeding on obesity prevalence in predominately Hispanic low-income youth

G. E. Shearrer, S. E. Whaley, S. J. Miller, B. T. House, T. Held, J. N. Davis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Objective The goal of this study was to examine if breastfeeding duration by gestational diabetes mellitus status impacted the prevalence of obesity in offspring. Methods Data were obtained from a 2011 phone survey with caregivers of low-income children (2-4 years) participating in the Women, Infants and Children programme in Los Angeles County. The final sample included 2295 children, 84% Hispanic and 48% female. Chi-square and binary logistic regression were used to assess gestational diabetes status and breastfeeding duration on the prevalence of obesity, with the following a priori covariates: child's ethnicity, birth weight, age in months and sex. Results Breastfeeding and gestational diabetes were significantly associated with obesity prevalence (P < 0.01). Using gestational diabetes mellitus and no breastfeeding as the referent category, gestational diabetes mellitus offspring who were breastfed ≥12 months had a 72% decrease in obesity prevalence (adjusted odds ratio = 0.28, confidence interval 0.89-0.03, P = 0.05). Conclusions These findings suggest that > 12 months of breastfeeding duration in the gestational diabetes mellitus group and any duration of breastfeeding in the non-gestational diabetes mellitus mothers is needed to reduce obesity levels in a primarily Hispanic population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalPediatric obesity
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 1 2015


  • Breastfeeding
  • gestational diabetes mellitus
  • obesity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Policy
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Nutrition and Dietetics


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