Assessment of hematuria

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


The most common causes of hematuria in adults include urinary tract infections, urolithiasis, benign prostatic enlargement, and urologic malignancy. Once hematuria is confirmed, its cause should be investigated through a comprehensive history, a focused physical examination, laboratory studies, an image-based assessment of the upper urinary tract, and a cystoscopic evaluation of the lower urinary system. Prompt evaluation and appropriate referral of patients with documented hematuria should be initiated in the primary care setting according to the proposed guidelines, and aimed at cost-effective and early detection of urologic abnormality.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)153-159
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Clinics of North America
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Differential diagnosis
  • Evaluation
  • Gross hematuria
  • Microscopic hematuria

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Medicine


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