Assessing Extracellular Volume in Hemodialysis Patients Using Intradialytic Blood Pressure Slopes

Hao Liu, Rong Lu, Shani Shastri, Mark Sonderman, Peter Noel Van Buren

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations


Background/Aims: Extracellular volume (ECV) overload is a mortality risk factor in hemodialysis patients, but no standard approach exists to objectively assess this clinically. We aimed to quantify relationships between slopes of repeated intradialytic blood pressure (BP) measurements and ECV. Methods: In a cross-sectional study of 71 hemodialysis patients, we calculated BP slopes from all intradialytic measurements using Gaussian regression. We measured extracellular and total body water (TBW) with bioimpedance spectroscopy. We analyzed unconditional and conditional associations between BP slope and volume metrics with mixed linear models and sensitivity analyses using non-linear intradialytic BP trajectory. Results: Mean systolic intradialytic BP slope (IBPS) was -0.06 (0.1) mm Hg/min. Post-dialysis extracellular water (ECW)/weight was the volume metric mostly strongly associated with slope (r = 0.34, p = 0.007 for unconditional analysis; β = 1.45, p = 0.001 for conditional analysis). Among subjects with post-dialysis systolic BP ≥130 mm Hg, the association strengthened (r = 0.40, p = 0.006; β = 1.42, p = 0.003). ECV was more strongly associated with the BP slope than with pre-dialysis, post-dialysis, or delta systolic BP (r = -0.07, 0.19, 0.28; p = 0.6, 0.1, 0.03). In nonlinear models, BP trajectory also had the strongest association with post-dialysis ECW/body weight (p < 0.001). Conclusions: In hypertensive hemodialysis patients, measurements of ECV excess are more strongly associated with IBPSs than with pre-dialysis, post-dialysis, or change in systolic BP. Among varying volume metrics, post-dialysis ECW/weight has the strongest association with these slopes. Determining IBPS is a novel method to optimize clinical assessment of ECV in hemodialysis patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)120-130
Number of pages11
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 1 2018

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Nephrology
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Urology


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