Aquatic training in MS: Neurotherapeutic impact upon quality of life

Ashley N. Frohman, Darin Okuda, Shin C Beh, Katherine Treadaway, Caroline Mooi, Scott L. Davis, Anjali Shah, Teresa C. Frohman, Elliot Frohman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


Three fundamental principals associated with aquatic therapy differentiate it with respect to exercise on land, and in air. These are buoyancy (reduction in weight of the body within the buoyant medium of water), viscosity (a "drag force" is generated when moving within water, when compared with the same movement in air), and the thermodynamic aspect of water exercise, during which the heat capacity of water is about 1000 times greater than that of an equivalent amount of air; equating to a heat transfer from the body into water at a rate 25 times faster than that of air. Aquatic conditioning, can improve neurologic functioning, with dividends favorably impacting activities of daily living, health maintenance, safety, and ultimately quality of life. Here, we review the application of aquatic exercise training in MS patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)864-872
Number of pages9
JournalAnnals of Clinical and Translational Neurology
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Clinical Neurology


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