Angiotensin-II induced hypertension and renovascular remodelling in tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase 2 knockout mice

Sathnur Pushpakumar, Sourav Kundu, Tyranny Pryor, Srikanth Givvimani, Eleanor Lederer, Suresh C. Tyagi, Utpal Sen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

31 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND:: Sustained hypertension induces renovascular remodelling by altering extracellular matrix (ECM) components. Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) are Zn-dependent enzymes that regulate ECM turnover in concert with their inhibitors, tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases (TIMPs). Increased MMP-2 and MMP-9 have been implicated in hypertensive complications; however, the contribution of individual MMPs/TIMPs in renal remodelling has not been fully elucidated. The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of TIMP2 deficiency and thus MMP-2 on angiotensin-II (Ang-II) induced renal remodelling. METHOD:: C57BL/6J (wild-type) and TIMP2 knockout mice were infused with Ang-II at 250 ng/kg per min for 4 weeks. Blood pressure was measured weekly and end-point laser Doppler flowmetry was done to assess cortical blood flow. Immunohistochemical staining was performed for collagen and elastin analyses. The activity of MMP-9 and MMP-2 was determined by Gelatin zymography. RESULTS:: Ang-II induced similar elevation in mean blood pressure in TIMP2 and wild-type mice. In TIMP2 mice, Ang-II treatment was associated with a greater reduction in renal cortical blood flow and barium angiography demonstrated decreased vascular density compared with Ang-II treated wild-type mice. Peri-glomerular and vascular collagen deposition was increased and elastin content was decreased causing increased wall-to-lumen ratio in TIMP2 mice compared with wild-type mice receiving Ang-II. Ang-II increased the expression and activity of MMP-9 predominantly in TIMP2 mice than in wild-type mice. CONCLUSION:: These results suggest that TIMP2 deficiency exacerbates renovascular remodelling in agonist-induced hypertension by a mechanism that may, in part, be attributed to increased activity of MMP-9.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2270-2281
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of hypertension
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • angiotensin-II
  • hypertension
  • matrix metalloproteinases
  • renovascular remodelling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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