Adoption of the hybrid CTO approach by a single non-CTO operator: Procedural and clinical outcomes

Minh N. Vo, James M. McCabe, William L. Lombardi, John Ducas, Amir Ravandi, Emmanouil S. Brilakis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Background: The feasibility of adopting the (hybrid) approach by a single operator without prior experience in percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of chronic total occlusions (CTOs) has not been described. Methods: Consecutive patients who underwent CTO-PCI by a single operator using the (hybrid) approach between 2012 and 2013 formed the analytic cohort. No patient was declined on the basis of angiographic findings. Clinical and angiographic characteristics together with procedural and hospital outcomes are described. Results: During the study period, a total of 48 consecutive patients underwent PCI of 50 CTOs. Mean age was 63.4 ± 9.4 years and most patients (83%) were men. The right coronary artery (RCA) was the most commonly treated CTO vessel (54%) and mean J-CTO score was 2.3 ± 1.1. A primary retrograde approach was chosen for 33% of lesions and 40% required use of an epicardial collateral vessel. The primary strategy was effective in 65% of successful cases, 35% required one change in strategy, and 15% requiring two strategy changes. Procedural success rate was 92%. The median number of stents used was 3 (interquartile range [IQR], 2-4] and the total stent length was 73 mm [IQR, 38-96 mm). Mean contrast volume was 356.4 ± 148.3 mL and the mean air kerma radiation exposure was 3.5 ± 2.0 Gy. No patient experienced a major periprocedural complication. CONCLUSION: The (hybrid) approach to CTO-PCI can be successfully adopted by a single operator with excellent early procedural success and low complication rates, despite a lack of prior CTO-PCI experience.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-144
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Invasive Cardiology
Issue number3
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015


  • Percutaneous coronary intervention
  • chronic total occlusion
  • hybrid approach

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine


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