Accuracy of portable glucose meters for rapid determination of Amniotic Fluid Glucose levels

Jr Alamia V., R. Jaekle, A. Royek, B. A. Meyer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


This study was designed to evaluate the accuracy and feasibility of use of three commercially available portable blood glucose meters to measure amniotic fluid glucose(AFG) levels as compared to an accepted laboratory standard. A prospective study of amniotic fluid from 101 consecutive amniocenteses was performed. Glucose concentration in the amniotic fluid was assessed by hexokinase method in our hospital laboratory (control) and by using three portable meters: Advantage (ADV) (Boehringer Mannheim), Glucometer Elite (ELT) (Bayer), and One Touch II Hospital (T-2) (Lifescan). Twenty consecutive amniotic fluid samples were sent to the laboratory in two vials, the first without additive and the second with potassium oxalate to prevent metabolic activity, to assess the effect of cellular metabolism and time delay on amniotic fluid glucose concentrations. Data are reported as mean ±SE and were assessed by one-way ANOVA. Of the 101 patients studied, 29 were of gestational age ≥20 wks. The remaining 72 patients were <20 wks. All three ambulatory meters demonstrated a linear relationship with control (all P < 0.001). Given a slope of almost 1.0 (m = 0.94) and a y-intercept approaching zero (b = 4.3), the OT2 proved to correlate best with control. ELT: (r2 = 0.55, m = 0.79, b = 22.2) and ADV: (r2 = 0.74, m = 1.45, b = 16.9) both overestimated amniotic fluid glucose. When AFG was <30 mg/dl via laboratory standard, OT2: (r2 = 0.78, m = 1.05, and b = -2.20, P < 0.001), ADV: (m = 1.02, b = 24.1, r2 = 0.12, P = 0.133). The One Touch II Hospital accurately predicted amniotic fluid glucose at the bedside with excellent con-elation including with laboratory standard glucose levels <30 mg/dl. ADV and ELT proved too inaccurate for clinical use. Control samples were not affected by additives or time delay. These findings confirm that AFG determinations can be obtained rapidly with the OT2 meter at the bedside.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)183-189
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1998


  • Amniotic fluid glucose
  • Chorioanmionitis
  • Portable glucose meters

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology


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