Aaron Jay Yang, Nitin B. Jain

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


The abdominal examination in patients with chronic pain may often prove to be difficult. Pain can be referred from another organ system such as the gastrointestinal, genitourinary, as well as the gynecologic tracts in addition to presenting with visceral, somatic, or neuropathic pain. While the etiology of abdominal pain can be overwhelming, a careful history and systematic physical examination may aid in narrowing down the diagnosis. Red flags that should raise particular concern include fever, weight loss or anorexia, jaundice, edema, blood in urine or stool, abdominal mass, or pain that awakens the patient at night.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPain Medicine
Subtitle of host publicationAn Essential Review
PublisherSpringer International Publishing
Number of pages2
ISBN (Electronic)9783319431338
ISBN (Print)9783319431314
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017
Externally publishedYes


  • Anterior abdominal cutaneous nerves
  • Border nerves
  • Carnett’s test
  • Genitofemoral nerve
  • Iliohypogastric nerve
  • Iliolinguinal nerve
  • Nerve entrapment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


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