A systematic review of social determinants of health in pediatric organ transplant outcomes

Kelly E. Rea, Kara B. West, Anna Dorste, Elizabeth S. Christofferson, Debra Lefkowitz, Emily Mudd, Lauren Schneider, Courtney Smith, Kelli N Triplett, Kristine McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Background: Equitable access to pediatric organ transplantation is critical, although risk factors negatively impacting pre- and post-transplant outcomes remain. No synthesis of the literature on SDoH within the pediatric organ transplant population has been conducted; thus, the current systematic review summarizes findings to date assessing SDoH in the evaluation, listing, and post-transplant periods. Methods: Literature searches were conducted in Web of Science, Embase, PubMed, and Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature databases. Results: Ninety-three studies were included based on pre-established criteria and were reviewed for main findings and study quality. Findings consistently demonstrated disparities in key transplant outcomes based on racial or ethnic identity, including timing and likelihood of transplant, and rates of rejection, graft failure, and mortality. Although less frequently assessed, variations in outcomes based on geography were also noted, while findings related to insurance or SES were inconsistent. Conclusion: This review underscores the persistence of SDoH and disparity in equitable transplant outcomes and discusses the importance of individual and systems-level change to reduce such disparities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere14418
JournalPediatric Transplantation
Issue number1
StatePublished - Feb 2023


  • disparity
  • pediatric organ transplantation
  • social determinants of health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Transplantation


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