A review of the anesthetic implications of marijuana use

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

20 Scopus citations


Marijuana, derived from plants of the genus Cannabis, is the most commonly used illicit drug in the United States. Marijuana is illegal at the federal level and remains a Drug Enforcement Agency Schedule 1 substance. Nevertheless, most states have passed less stringent legislation related to its use, ranging from decriminalization of possession to allowing medical or even recreational use, and some county and municipal law enforcement agencies have refrained from prosecuting personal possession and/or use even when statute would require such action. Therefore, as use of marijuana becomes more common in the larger population, more patients who are chronic and/or heavy users of marijuana present for surgical procedures, raising the question of best practices to care for these patients in the perioperative period. This review summarizes the known physiologic effects of marijuana in humans, discusses potential implications of marijuana use that the anesthesiologist should consider at each phase of the perioperative period, and outlines recommendations for future study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)364-371
Number of pages8
JournalBaylor University Medical Center Proceedings
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jul 3 2019


  • Anesthesiology
  • cannabinoid
  • cannabis
  • marijuana
  • perioperative

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'A review of the anesthetic implications of marijuana use'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this