A proposed classification for uniform endoscopic description of surgical fundoplication

Sumeet K. Mittal, Arpad Juhasz, Bala Ramanan, Masato Hoshino, Tommy H. Lee, Charles J. Filipi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Background: Objective assessment of postfundoplication anatomy is of utmost importance especially if reoperative intervention is being planned. There is a lack of uniformity in the description of endoscopic findings in these patients. The purpose of this study was to propose a classification for standardized endoscopic reporting of postfundoplication anatomy. Methods: After institutional review board approval, preoperative endoscopic findings of patients who underwent reoperative intervention from 1992 to 2011 were reviewed and classified. The classification included four factors: E (distance of GEJ to crus), S (amount of gastric tissue between the GEJ and fundoplication), F (fundoplication configuration), and P (paraesophageal hernia). Results: The endoscopic findings of 310 patients who underwent reoperative antireflux surgery were classified using the newly proposed classification model. A significant increase in the number of procedures was noted over the years. There was no change in presenting symptoms and patterns of failure over the years. The classification model was easily applicable to previous endoscopy reports. There was good symptom association with our classification model. Discussion: An endoscopic anatomical classification is proposed for description of failed fundoplication. With this classification, we hope to fill the gap in developing a uniform classification of failed fundoplications. Further studies addressing widespread applicability and outcome analysis are needed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1103-1109
Number of pages7
JournalSurgical Endoscopy and Other Interventional Techniques
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 2014


  • Classification
  • Endoscopy
  • Failed fundoplication

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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