Gadolinium Texaphyrin (Gd-Tex) is a radiation sensitizer with a novel mechanism of action that sensitizes both oxic and hypoxic cells, localizes selectively in tumors, and is detectable by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). This Phase I single-dose trial of Gd-Tex administered concurrently with radiation therapy was carried out to determine the maximally tolerated dose (MTD), dose-limiting toxicities, pharmacokinetics, and biolocalization of Gd- Tex as determined by MRI. Adults with incurable cancers of any histology requiring radiation therapy were eligible. A single i.v. dose of Gd-Tex was followed at least 2 h later by radiation therapy. The Gd-Tex dose was escalated in cohorts of 3 to 5 patients. Thirty-eight patients (median age, 58 years; range, 35-77 years) with incurable cancers of the lung (26), cervix (3), or other solid tumors (9) received a total of 41 single administrations of Gd-Tex. The Gd-Tex dose was escalated from 0.6 to 29.6 mg/kg. Irradiated sites included the thorax, brain, pelvis, bone, soft tissue, and sites of nodal metastases. The MTD was 22.3 mg/kg, determined by reversible acute tubular necrosis as the dose-limiting toxicities. Gd-Tex selectively accumulated in primary and metastatic tumors as demonstrated by MRI. No increase in radiation toxicity to normal tissues was seen. The median half- life of Gd-Tex after single-dose administration is 7.4 h. This study demonstrates that Gd-Tex is well tolerated in doses below the MTD, and that there is selective biolocalization in tumors. The maximum recommended dose for single administrations is 16.7 mg/kg.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||7|
|Journal||Clinical Cancer Research|
|State||Published - Apr 1999|
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