Immunosuppressive myeloid cells in the tumor microenvironment inhibit anti-tumor immunity and support tumor development. The leukocyte Ig-like receptor subfamily B (LILRB) proteins and the related receptor LAIR1 are immune checkpoint receptors that support the immunosuppressive activity of myeloid cells. All LILRBs and LAIR1 have intracellular immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibitory motifs in their signaling domains, but the individual proteins have different functions. The determinants of the distinct functions of these inhibitory receptors likely rest in their interactions with different ligands and other surface proteins, characteristic signaling domains, and expression dynamics in different cell types regulated by various extrinsic cues and transcription factors. Significant advancement of immuno-oncology therapeutic products based on targeting or reprogramming of LILRB- and LAIR1-mediated signaling is anticipated.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - Dec 10 2022|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology