Objective: Autosomal dominant familial neurohypophyseal diabetes insipidus is a rare disorder characterized by polydipsia and polyuria. We present the results of the molecular analysis of the AVP-NPII gene of a German kindred. Methods: All three exons of the gene were amplified by polymerase chain reaction and sequenced. Results: In 7 affected individuals a new missense mutation (1770G > T) in exon 2 was found predicting a cysteine to phenylalanine substitution at codon 58 in the neurophysin II domain (NPII). Conclusion: As a result of this mutation a cysteine residue is exchanged, which is involved in a disulfide bond with cysteine 44 of the NPII moiety, hypothesizing that the resulting misfolded protein may lead to chronic neurotoxicity by accumulation of these products in the endoplasmatic reticulum.
- Arginine vasopressin
- Autosomal dominant diabetes insipidus
- Genetic analysis
- Vasopressin-neurophysin II gene
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism