A framework for personalized mammogram screening

Dinesh Pal Mudaranthakam, Michele Park, Jeffrey Thompson, Alexander M. Alsup, Ron Krebill, Lynn Chollet Hinton, Jinxiang Hu, Byron Gajewski, Andrew Godwin, Matthew S. Mayo, Jo Wick, Lisa Harlan-Williams, Jianghua He, Tami Gurley-Calvez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Breast cancer screening guidelines serve as crucial evidence-based recommendations in deciding when to begin regular screenings. However, due to developments in breast cancer research and differences in research interpretation, screening guidelines can vary between organizations and within organizations over time. This leads to significant lapses in adopting updated guidelines, variable decision making between physicians, and unnecessary screening for low to moderate risk patients (Jacobson and Kadiyala, 2017; Corbelli et al., 2014). For analysis, risk factors were assessed for patient screening behaviors and results. The outcome variable for the first analysis was whether the patient had undergone screening. The risk factors considered were age, marital status, education level, rural versus urban residence, and family history of breast cancer. The outcome variable for the second analysis was whether patients who had undergone breast cancer screening presented abnormal results. The risk factors considered were age, Body Mass Index, family history, smoking and alcohol status, hormonal contraceptive use, Hormone Replacement Therapy use, age of first pregnancy, number of pregnancies (parity), age of first menses, rural versus urban residence, and whether or not patients had at least one child. Logistic regression analysis displayed strong associations for both outcome variables. Risk of screening nonattendance was negatively associated with age as a continuous variable, age as a dichotomous variable, being married, any college education, and family history. Risk of one or more abnormal mammogram findings was positively associated with family history, and hormonal contraceptive use. This procedure will be further developed to incorporate additional risk factors and refine the analysis of currently implemented risk factors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number101446
JournalPreventive Medicine Reports
StatePublished - Sep 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • Breast cancer screening
  • Cancer risk factors
  • Mammogram
  • Preventive task force

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health Informatics


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