A comparison of multi-segment foot kinematics during level overground and treadmill walking

Kirsten Tulchin, Michael Orendurff, Lori Karol

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Previous work comparing treadmill and overground walking has focused on lower extremity motion and kinetics, with few identified differences. However, a comparison of multi-segment foot kinematics between these conditions has not been previously reported. Sagittal ankle motion using a single rigid body foot model and three-dimensional hindfoot and forefoot kinematics were compared during barefoot, level, overground walking at a self-selected speed and treadmill walking at a similar speed for 20 healthy adults. Slight differences were seen in ankle plantarflexion and hindfoot plantarflexion during first rocker, as well as peak forefoot eversion and abduction, however all changes were less than 3°, and most were within the day-to-day repeatability. These results indicate that foot mechanics as determined using a multi-segment foot model were similar between overground and treadmill walking at similar speeds in healthy adults. Treadmill protocols may provide a controlled method to analyze a patient's ability to adapt to walking at different speeds and surface slopes, which are encountered often during ambulation of daily living.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)104-108
Number of pages5
JournalGait and Posture
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 2010


  • Gait
  • Multi-segment foot kinematics
  • Overground walking
  • Treadmill

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Rehabilitation


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