A Combination of Robotic Approach and ERAS Pathway Optimizes Outcomes and Cost for Pancreatoduodenectomy

Stacy J. Kowalsky, Mazen S. Zenati, Jennifer Steve, Stephen A. Esper, Kenneth K. Lee, Melissa E. Hogg, Herbert J. Zeh, Amer H. Zureikat

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE: To determine the impact of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathway implementation on outcomes, and cost of robotic and open pancreatoduodenectomy. BACKGROUND: ERAS pathways have shown benefit in open pancreatoduodenectomy (OPD). The impact of ERAS on robotic pancreatoduodenectomy (RPD) is unknown. METHODS: Retrospective review of consecutive RPD and OPDs in the pre-ERAS (July, 2014-July, 2015) and ERAS (July, 2015-July, 2016) period. Univariate and multivariate logistic regression was used to determine impact of ERAS and operative approach alone, or in combination (pre-ERAS + OPD, pre-ERAS + RPD, ERAS + OPD, ERAS + RPD) on length of hospital stay (LOS) and overall cost. RESULTS: In all, 254 consecutive pancreatoduodenectomies (RPD 62%, OPD 38%) were analyzed (median age 67, 47% female). ERAS patients had shorter LOS (6 vs 8 days; P = 0.004) and decreased overall cost (USD 20,362 vs 24,277; P = 0.001) compared with non-ERAS patients, whereas RPD was associated with decreased LOS (7 vs 8 days; P = 0.0001) and similar cost compared with OPD. On multivariable analysis (MVA), RPD was predictive of shorter LOS [odds ratio (OR) 0.33, confidence interval (CI) 0.16-0.67, P = 0.002), whereas ERAS was protective against high cost (OR 0.57, CI 0.33-0.97, P = 0.037). On MVA, when combining operative approach with ERAS pathway use, a combined ERAS + RPD approach was associated with reduced LOS and optimal cost compared with other combinations (pre-ERAS + OPD, pre-ERAS + RPD, ERAS + OPD). CONCLUSION: ERAS implementation is independently associated with cost savings for pancreatoduodenectomy. A combination of ERAS and robotic approach synergistically decreases hospital stay and overall cost compared with other strategies.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1138-1145
Number of pages8
JournalAnnals of surgery
Issue number6
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery


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