A bovine acellular scaffold for vocal fold reconstruction in a rat model

Chet C. Xu, Roger W. Chan, Debra G. Weinberger, Guy Efune, Karen S. Pawlowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

36 Scopus citations


With a rat model of vocal fold injury, this study examined the in vivo host response to an acellular xenogeneic scaffold derived from the bovine vocal fold lamina propria, and the potential of the scaffold for constructive tissue remodeling. Bilateral wounds were created in the posterior vocal folds of 20 rats, and bovine acellular scaffolds were implanted into the wounds unilaterally, with the contralateral vocal folds as control. The rats were humanely sacrificed after 3 days, 7 days, 1 month, and 3 months, and the coronal sections of their larynges were examined histologically. Expressions of key matrix proteins including collagen I, collagen III, elastin, fibronectin, hyaluronic acid, and glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) were quantified with digital image analysis. Significant infiltration of host inflammatory cells and host fibroblasts in the scaffold implant was observed in the acute stage of wound repair (3 days and 7 days postsurgery). The mean relative densities of collagen I, collagen III, and GAGs in the implanted vocal folds were significantly higher than those in the control after 3 days, followed by gradual decreases over 3 months. Histological results showed that the scaffolds were apparently degraded by 3 months, with no fibrotic tissue formation or calcification. These preliminary findings suggested that the bovine acellular scaffold could be a potential xenograft for vocal fold regeneration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)18-32
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biomedical Materials Research - Part A
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2010


  • Biocompatibility
  • Extracellular matrix scaffold
  • Foreign body response
  • Larynx
  • Xenotransplantation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Metals and Alloys


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